Hemiplegic migraine is a rare condition that begins in childhood and can be very frightening to experience. The most distinctive symptom of a hemiplegic migraine is the motor aura, which results in paralysis or weakness in one half of the body. Other than the motor auras, hemiplegic migraine sufferers can also experience visual and sensory auras that are typical of a classic migraine. The duration of the auras in hemiplegic migraines tends to be much longer than a typical migraine.
Hemiplegic migraines are split into two categories: familial and sporadic. Familial hemiplegic migraine (FHM) is caused by mutations on one of three genes: CACNA1A, on chromosome 19; ATP1A2, on chromosome 1; and SCN1A, on chromosome 2. These genes are inherited from a parent with the dominant gene. If one parent has a form of FMH, their child has a 50% chance of getting it as well.
Sporadic hemiplegic migraine (SHM) is much less common and shows up in people without a family history of the condition. The genetic mutations responsible can happen simultaneously.
Treatments for Hemiplegic Migraine
Treating hemiplegic migraine can be tricky. Medications like triptans, ergotamine derivatives, and beta-blockers can increase the risk of stroke in patients with acute hemiplegic migraine. However, there are solutions out there for you. When you visit First Coast Pain for migraine treatment near Jacksonville, FL, our physicians will provide you with a personalized solution for your hemiplegic migraine conditions. Make an appointment online today or call our clinic at 904.800.726.